What causes TMJ/TMD?

What causes TMJ/TMD?

There are many causes that have been proposed for TMD. Patients usually have more than one causative factor contributing to their TMD making diagnosis and treatment complex.

Some of the factors believed to be causes of TMD are:

  • Trauma-to neck, face and jaw, i.e. automobile accidents, falls, sports injuries, etc.
  • Bruxism-clenching and/or grinding of the teeth that can be due to peripheral body pain, airway obstruction, or anxiety.
  • Malocclusion or misalignment of the jaws to each other or to the base of the skull
  • Loss of teeth (especially posterior)
  • Muscle Hyperactivity
  • Bodily postural issues with head position being influential